The Macau government collected nearly MOP336.8 million (US$42.1 million) in taxes on commissions paid by casinos to junkets in 2017, according to the government’s budget execution report. That represented a jump of 23.6 percent compared to the previous year, the data show.
The figure was included in the budget execution report submitted by the government to the city’s Legislative Assembly. No explanation for the increase was provided.
In its budget proposal for 2017, the Macau government had said it anticipated pocketing MOP200 million in taxes from junkets. The Macau government is historically conservative when forecasting gaming-related tax revenue in its yearly budgets.
As for 2018, the Macau government plans to collect MOP280 million in taxes on commissions paid by casinos to junkets, according to its 2018 budget proposal.
Macau’s accumulated casino gross gaming revenue (GGR) for 2017 stood at approximately MOP265.7 billion, a year-on-year increase of 19.1 percent. Revenue from the VIP baccarat segment amounted to approximately MOP150.7 billion last year, up 26.7 percent from 2016.
Junkets – also known as gaming promoters – are licensed by the Macau government to promote VIP gaming in the city’s casinos. Their services include: arrangement of gambling credit for players; collection on losses generated by high-roller play; and organisation of player accommodation.
A withholding tax of 5 percent is levied on commissions paid by gaming operators to junkets; but the withholding tax is not levied on the gross value.
In Macau, junket operators are offered incentives to bring players to casinos by usually being offered either a share of the revenue or a commission on rolling chip turnover, with the latter capped at 1.25 percent.
Additionally, the Macau government can authorise a total or partial exemption from taxation on junket commissions or remunerations that are paid in kind, such as transportation, accommodation, food and beverages and entertainment.
The number of licensed junkets in Macau has been shrinking since 2015. The total fell from 183 in January 2015 to 141 in the following year, and it declined further to 126 in January 2017, according to a list of licensed operators published by the city’s gaming regulator, the Gaming Inspection and Coordination Bureau. In January 2018, the total stood at 109, a 13.5-percent year-on-year decline. The figures include both companies and individuals licensed as junkets.
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"Our main focus is just making sure – and particularly within Australia – to the maximum extent possible, that we can have uniformity [among different jurisdictions]"
Chief executive of the Australia-based Gaming Technologies Association