The Macau government is mulling a U-turn regarding a bill that proposed a full smoking ban inside the city’s casinos. Officials are now assessing a proposal to keep smoking lounges – provided they are free of any gaming tables or machines – on gaming floors.
The announcement was made on Thursday by the Secretary for Social Affairs and Culture, Alexis Tam Chon Weng (pictured in a file photo), during a plenary meeting of the Macau Legislative Assembly.
Mr Tam said the government was assessing a proposed amendment to the bill, put forward by a working committee of the city’s Legislative Assembly that has been tasked with scrutinising the draft law. The amendment proposed “stricter standards” for smoking lounges, Mr Tam explained, as quoted by local media.
He said the proposed standards were of “high quality”, using “high-tech measures to prevent smoke from going out of the smoking lounges” and were designed to ensure that smoke would not be inhaled by casino workers and non-smoking casino patrons sitting nearby.
According to Mr Tam, the city’s six licensed casino operators had previously suggested to the government a similar amendment – including the use of double-door airlock systems in smoking lounges – in exchange of the government dropping the proposed full smoking ban inside casinos.
Mr Tam did not provide much detail on the proposed amendment. It is unclear if existing casinos would be allowed to set up further smoking lounges on their mass floors. The government had previously said it had not been authorising smoking lounges additional to those already in place.
It is unclear how the proposed amendment to the bill revising current smoking legislation would affect VIP casino rooms.
Smoking on casino main floors in Macau is currently only allowed in airport-style enclosed smoking lounges that do not contain any gaming tables or slot machines. Casino operators have been required to get approval for such facilities. Having a cigarette while gambling is at present still allowed in Macau casino VIP rooms.
Mr Tam stressed that the government needed to “hear the casino workers” regarding the amendment proposal, in order “to understand whether we can have their agreement”. Worker support to maintaining smoking lounges would be needed for the government to back the amendment, he stated.
The Secretary said that the main goal of the government was to pass the bill to revise the current smoking legislation, before the end of the current legislative term in August 2017. If that deadline is missed, the proposed legislation would fall, and the process – which began in July 2015 – would have to start afresh.
The government-proposed bill covers not only the issue of smoking inside casinos, but would also regulate the use of electronic cigarettes, and impose a ban on their use in all public spaces, including casinos. The bill also states that the sale of electronic cigarettes would no longer be allowed in Macau.
The bill additionally includes provisions to increase the tax rate on retail sales of tobacco and the fines that can be levied on those that break the revised rules. Under the new bill, anyone lighting a cigarette in prohibited areas will be subject to a fine of MOP1,500 (US$188), up from MOP400 under the current legislation.
A number of investment analysts have stated that in markets where casino smoking has been banned completely, casino revenue subsequently dipped.
Several investment analysts say Macau currently appears to be on the path to recovery from more than two years of decline in casino gross gaming revenue. The city’s casino gross gaming revenue grew year-on-year for the fourth consecutive month in November, according to data released on Thursday by the city’s regulator, the Gaming Inspection and Coordination Bureau.
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"The [Macau] government has a lead in this subject in regards to what should be done after the [gaming] concessions expire. We will be first listening to what the government will say”
Ambrose So Shu Fai
Vice-chairman and chief executive at Macau casino operator SJM Holdings