The sharp decline in Macau casino stock prices in 2015 had a strong negative impact in the fortunes of several industry entrepreneurs, shows Forbes’ latest ‘Hong Kong’s 50 Richest People’ list, released on Friday.
Many of the people concerned hold their wealth largely via equity holdings in casino firms they founded or run.
An estimated US$5.4 billion was erased from the fortune of Lui Che Woo (pictured), founder and chairman of gaming operator Galaxy Entertainment Group Ltd. His net worth dropped from an estimated US$13.4 billion in January 2015 to US$8.0 billion in January this year, Forbes said. Mr Lui slipped from fifth to seventh place on Forbes’ list. In 2013, Mr Lui was ranked second in the list, with a net worth of US$21 billion.
Galaxy Entertainment’s stock price fell 44 percent in 2015 from its value as of end-2014, according to data compiled by GGRAsia. Prices of shares in Macau’s six casino operators dropped between 30 percent and almost 60 percent during last year.
Pansy Ho Chiu King, co-chairperson of casino operator MGM China Holdings Ltd, saw her personal fortune slip by an estimated US$1.4 billion in 2015, to US$3.6 billion, according to Forbes. Ms Ho, a daughter of Macau casino tycoon Stanley Ho Hung Sun, went from 12th place in the 2015 Forbes list to 19th place in January 2016.
She owns a stake of about 27.4 percent in MGM China, according to the firm’s 2014 annual report. Ms Ho is also managing director of Hong Kong-listed shipping and property conglomerate Shun Tak Holdings Ltd.
One of Ms Ho’s siblings, Lawrence Ho Yau Lung, co-chairman of Melco Crown Entertainment Ltd, saw his net worth decline by about US$0.4 billion, to US$1.57 billion, according to Forbes. Mr Ho dropped from 31st place in 2015 to 41st in the 2016 list of Hong Kong’s wealthiest people.
Melco Crown opened last year its majority-owned US$3.2 billion Studio City casino resort on Cotai in Macau. Mr Ho also controls Summit Ascent Holdings Ltd, a Hong Kong-listed firm that in November inaugurated Russia’s first Far East casino.
Angela Leong On Kei, fourth consort of Stanley Ho and an executive director of casino operator SJM Holdings Ltd, saw her net worth drop by US$0.3 billion, to US$1.5 billion, according to Forbes. She went from 36th place to 44th position.
The latest ‘Hong Kong’s 50 Richest People’ list by Forbes included other billionaires that, while owning diversified holdings, had a sizeable exposure to Macau’s casino sector. But the diversity of their portfolios helped absorb losses coming from their gaming interests in 2015.
Pollyanna Chu Yuet Wah, chief executive of Hong Kong-listed Kingston Financial Group Ltd, saw her net worth jump to US$4.1 billion in January 2016, compared to US$1.6 billion a year earlier. She became Hong Kong’s second wealthiest woman, only behind Vivien Chen, who heads real estate conglomerate Nan Fung Group.
Financial services firm Kingston controls two Macau casino hotels – Casa Real on the peninsula and Grandview on Taipa. They offer gaming under the casino licence of SJM Holdings via a so-called service agreement.
Cheng Yu Tung remained the highest-placed among entrepreneurs with sizeable casino interests on ‘Hong Kong’s 50 Richest People’ list. His net worth held stable at US$15 billion. He remained in third place.
The businessman is perhaps best known to the public for heading the retail chain Chow Tai Fook Jewellery, part of Hong Kong-listed Chow Tai Fook Jewellery Group Ltd. Mr Cheng is a long time business associate of Stanley Ho, with an indirect stake in SJM Holdings. He recently has shown interest to expand his gaming interests to South Korea, Vietnam and Australia, according to media reports.
Emperor International Holdings Ltd’s Albert Yeung Sau Shing returned to the Hong Kong Forbes list after missing the cut in 2015. His net worth is now estimated at US$1.25 billion, putting him in spot 46 of the list. His business interests include Emperor Entertainment Hotel Ltd, owner and operator of Macau casino property Grand Emperor Hotel.
Li Ka Shing, founder and chairman of Hong Kong-listed Cheung Kong Property Holdings Ltd, retained the top spot on the latest Forbes ‘Hong Kong’s 50 Richest People’ list. With a net worth of US$31.3 billion, the 87-year old tycoon is Hong Kong’s richest for the 18th year in a row. Mr Li has several business interests in Macau but no gaming-related investment.
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”We expect Goa to quickly become a US$1 billion market as it transitions to land-based casinos (from US$150 million today), which is still just a fraction of India’s total GGR potential of US$10 billion to US$17 billion”
Analyst at Union Gaming Securities Asia