Japan’s governing parties have agreed to a fixed tax rate of 30 percent on any casino gross gaming revenue (GGR) generated by that country’s proposed gaming resorts. The national government will need to confirm the policy.
The parties also reached consensus on a JPY6,000 (US$56) entry fee for Japanese citizens and residents wishing to enter such venues. The accords closed the gap on the final two of 11 policy issues debated by the parties over several weeks.
The latest consensus could assist the senior coalition partner, the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP), with its aim of introducing the Integrated Resorts (IR) Implementation Bill by May, with the target of passing it before the end of the current parliamentary session on June 20.
The news of the deals being brokered emerged following a Tuesday meeting between a steering group from the LDP and its junior coalition partner Komeito.
The government had suggested GGR tax should either be fixed at 30 percent or operate on a sliding scale in the range of 30 percent to 50 percent of GGR. The LDP thought such a tax should be fixed, but lower than 30 percent of GGR. Komeito had not nominated a percentage, but initially agreed with the principle of a sliding scale.
According to accounts of the discussion emerging from Tuesday’s meeting, it was decided that any sliding scale for GGR tax that went higher than 30 percent would significantly constrain the competitiveness of the casino industry and affect the benefits it could offer Japan. Such benefits are said to be likely to include an increase in inbound tourism.
Macau’s effective tax rate on casino GGR is 39 percent. Some industry insiders have mentioned the possibility of changes to it in connection with the city’s casino concession renewal process; and in order to ensure Macau’s casino sector remains competitive in Asia in the wake of casino proliferation in the region. In January, Alex Bumazhny, senior director at Fitch Ratings Inc, noted in a market briefing that Macau’s gaming tax rate was already “very high” compared to other jurisdictions in Asia. Any increase from the current rate would put Macau at a greater “competitive disadvantage,” he said at the time.
Japanese brokerage Nomura stated in an August report that a Japanese casino industry with “two major integrated resorts” could eventually generate gross gaming revenue of US$7 billion per year. A 30 percent tax levied on such aggregate GGR would result in a US$2.1-billion windfall for the public purse. The detail of how such tax money would be divided within Japan is still to be confirmed.
Regarding the casino entry fee, the Buddhist-influenced Komeito had previously called for a JPY8,000 – equivalent to Singapore’s SGD100 (US$76) casino entry fee for locals for 24-hour access – while the LDP had broadly supported a national government proposal that it should be JPY2,000. The compromise of JPY6,000 was said to reflect Singapore’s higher gross domestic product per capita relative to more populous Japan.
(Updated at 8.50am, April 4)
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Daniel Boone Wayson
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